JMIR Medical Informatics

Clinical informatics, decision support for health professionals, electronic health records, and eHealth infrastructures.

Editor-in-Chief:

Christian Lovis, MD, MPH, FACMI, Division of Medical Information Sciences, University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG), University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland


Impact Factor 3.2

JMIR Medical Informatics (JMI, ISSN 2291-9694, Impact Factor: 3.2) (Editor-in-chief: Christian Lovis, MD, MPH, FACMI) is an open-access PubMed/SCIE-indexed journal that focuses on the challenges and impacts of clinical informatics, digitalization of care processes, clinical and health data pipelines from acquisition to reuse, including semantics, natural language processing, natural interactions, meaningful analytics and decision support, electronic health records, infrastructures, implementation, and evaluation (see Focus and Scope).

JMIR Medical Informatics adheres to rigorous quality standards, involving a rapid and thorough peer-review process, professional copyediting, and professional production of PDF, XHTML, and XML proofs. The journal is indexed in PubMed, PubMed Central, DOAJ, SCOPUS, and SCIE (Clarivate). In 2023, JMI received a Journal Impact Factor™ of 3.2 (5-Year Journal Impact Factor: 3.6) (Source: Journal Citation Reports™ from Clarivate, 2023).

Recent Articles

Article Thumbnail
Electronic Health Records

The cognitive load theory suggests that completing a task relies on the interplay between sensory input, working memory, and long-term memory. Cognitive overload occurs when the working memory’s limited capacity is exceeded due to excessive information processing. In health care, clinicians face increasing cognitive load as the complexity of patient care has risen, leading to potential burnout. Electronic health records (EHRs) have become a common feature in modern health care, offering improved access to data and the ability to provide better patient care. They have been added to the electronic ecosystem alongside emails and other resources, such as guidelines and literature searches. Concerns have arisen in recent years that despite many benefits, the use of EHRs may lead to cognitive overload, which can impact the performance and well-being of clinicians. We aimed to review the impact of EHR use on cognitive load and how it correlates with physician burnout. Additionally, we wanted to identify potential strategies recommended in the literature that could be implemented to decrease the cognitive burden associated with the use of EHRs, with the goal of reducing clinician burnout. Using a comprehensive literature review on the topic, we have explored the link between EHR use, cognitive load, and burnout among health care professionals. We have also noted key factors that can help reduce EHR-related cognitive load, which may help reduce clinician burnout. The research findings suggest that inadequate efforts to present large amounts of clinical data to users in a manner that allows the user to control the cognitive burden in the EHR and the complexity of the user interfaces, thus adding more “work” to tasks, can lead to cognitive overload and burnout; this calls for strategies to mitigate these effects. Several factors, such as the presentation of information in the EHR, the specialty, the health care setting, and the time spent completing documentation and navigating systems, can contribute to this excess cognitive load and result in burnout. Potential strategies to mitigate this might include improving user interfaces, streamlining information, and reducing documentation burden requirements for clinicians. New technologies may facilitate these strategies. The review highlights the importance of addressing cognitive overload as one of the unintended consequences of EHR adoption and potential strategies for mitigation, identifying gaps in the current literature that require further exploration.

|
Article Thumbnail
Natural Language Processing

In the evolving field of health care, multimodal generative artificial intelligence (AI) systems, such as ChatGPT-4 with vision (ChatGPT-4V), represent a significant advancement, as they integrate visual data with text data. This integration has the potential to revolutionize clinical diagnostics by offering more comprehensive analysis capabilities. However, the impact on diagnostic accuracy of using image data to augment ChatGPT-4 remains unclear.

|
Article Thumbnail
Natural Language Processing

Large language models (LLMs) have shown remarkable capabilities in natural language processing (NLP), especially in domains where labeled data are scarce or expensive, such as the clinical domain. However, to unlock the clinical knowledge hidden in these LLMs, we need to design effective prompts that can guide them to perform specific clinical NLP tasks without any task-specific training data. This is known as in-context learning, which is an art and science that requires understanding the strengths and weaknesses of different LLMs and prompt engineering approaches.

|
Article Thumbnail
Clinical Informatics in Low-Resource Settings and the Developing World

Despite the potential of routine health information systems in tackling persistent maternal deaths stemming from poor service quality at health facilities during and around childbirth, research has demonstrated their suboptimal performance, evident from the incomplete and inaccurate data unfit for practical use. There is a consensus that nonfinancial incentives can enhance health care providers’ commitment toward achieving the desired health care quality. However, there is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of nonfinancial incentives in improving the data quality of institutional birth services in Ethiopia.

|
Article Thumbnail
Natural Language Processing

Biomedical natural language processing tasks are best performed with English models, and translation tools have undergone major improvements. On the other hand, building annotated biomedical datasets remains a challenge.

|
Article Thumbnail
Adoption and Change Management of eHealth Systems

With the capability to render pre-diagnosis, consumer wearables have the potential to affect subsequent diagnosis and the level of care in the healthcare delivery setting. Despite this, post-market surveillance of consumer wearables has been hindered by the lack of codified terms in electrical health record (EHR) to capture wearable use.

|
Article Thumbnail
Clinical Communication, Electronic Consultation and Telehealth

Out-of-hours primary care (OOH-PC) is challenged by high workload, workforce shortage, and long waiting and transportation time for patients. Use of video enables triage professionals to visually assess the patients, potentially ending more contacts in a telephone triage contact instead of referring patients to more resource-demanding clinic consultations or home visits. Thereby, video use may help reduce healthcare resources in OOH-PC.

|
Article Thumbnail
Adverse Drug Events Detection, Pharmacovigilance and Surveillance

The completeness of adverse event (AE) reports, crucial for assessing putative causal relationships, is measured using the vigiGrade completeness score in VigiBase, the World Health Organization global database of reported potential AEs. Malaysian reports have surpassed the global average score (approximately 0.44), achieving a 5-year average of 0.79 (SD 0.23) as of 2019 and approaching the benchmark for well-documented reports (0.80). However, the contributing factors to this relatively high report completeness score remain unexplored.

|
Article Thumbnail
Reviews in Medical Informatics

The use of social media for disseminating health care information has become increasingly prevalent, making the expanding role of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning in this process both significant and inevitable. This development raises numerous ethical concerns. This study explored the ethical use of AI and machine learning in the context of health care information on social media platforms (SMPs). It critically examined these technologies from the perspectives of fairness, accountability, transparency, and ethics (FATE), emphasizing computational and methodological approaches that ensure their responsible application.

|
Article Thumbnail
Natural Language Processing

The rehabilitation of a patient who had a stroke requires precise, personalized treatment plans. Natural language processing (NLP) offers the potential to extract valuable exercise information from clinical notes, aiding in the development of more effective rehabilitation strategies.

|
Article Thumbnail
Computer-Aided Diagnosis

Triage is the process of accurately assessing patients’ symptoms and providing them with proper clinical treatment in the emergency department (ED). While many countries have developed their triage process to stratify patients’ clinical severity and thus distribute medical resources, there are still some limitations of the current triage process. Since the triage level is mainly identified by experienced nurses based on a mix of subjective and objective criteria, mis-triage often occurs in the ED. It can not only cause adverse effects on patients, but also impose an undue burden on the health care delivery system.

|
Article Thumbnail
Implementation Report

Patient empowerment can be associated with better health outcomes, especially in the management of chronic diseases. Digital health has the potential to promote patient empowerment.

|

Preprints Open for Peer-Review

We are working in partnership with