JMIR Medical Informatics

Clinical informatics, decision support for health professionals, electronic health records, and eHealth infrastructures

Editor-in-Chief:

Christian Lovis, MD, MPH, FACMI, Division of Medical Information Sciences, University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG), University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland


Impact Factor 3.2

JMIR Medical Informatics (JMI, ISSN 2291-9694, Impact Factor: 3.2) (Editor-in-chief: Christian Lovis, MD, MPH, FACMI) is an open-access PubMed/SCIE-indexed journal that focuses on the challenges and impacts of clinical informatics, digitalization of care processes, clinical and health data pipelines from acquisition to reuse, including semantics, natural language processing, natural interactions, meaningful analytics and decision support, electronic health records, infrastructures, implementation, and evaluation (see Focus and Scope).

JMIR Medical Informatics adheres to rigorous quality standards, involving a rapid and thorough peer-review process, professional copyediting, and professional production of PDF, XHTML, and XML proofs. The journal is indexed in PubMed, PubMed Central, DOAJ, SCOPUS, and SCIE (Clarivate). In 2023, JMI received a Journal Impact Factor™ of 3.2 (5-Year Journal Impact Factor: 3.6) (Source: Journal Citation Reports™ from Clarivate, 2023).

Recent Articles

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Decision Support for Health Professionals

The early prediction of antibiotic resistance in patients with a urinary tract infection (UTI) is important to guide appropriate antibiotic therapy selection.

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Advanced Data Analytics in eHealth

The incidence of breast cancer has remained high and continues to rise since the 21st century. Consequently, there has been a significant increase in research efforts focused on breast cancer prevention and treatment. Despite the extensive body of literature available on this subject, systematic integration is lacking. To address this issue, knowledge graphs have emerged as a valuable tool. By harnessing their powerful knowledge integration capabilities, knowledge graphs offer a comprehensive and structured approach to understanding breast cancer prevention and treatment.

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Implementation Report

Recent years have witnessed an increase in the use of technology-enabled interventions for delivering mental health care in different settings. Technological solutions have been advocated to increase access to care, especially in primary health care settings in low- and middle-income countries, to facilitate task-sharing given the lack of trained mental health professionals.

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Standards and Interoperability

Multisite clinical studies are increasingly using real-world data to gain real-world evidence. However, due to the heterogeneity of source data, it is difficult to analyze such data in a unified way across clinics. Therefore, the implementation of Extract-Transform-Load (ETL) or Extract-Load-Transform (ELT) processes for harmonizing local health data is necessary, in order to guarantee the data quality for research. However, the development of such processes is time-consuming and unsustainable. A promising way to ease this is the generalization of ETL/ELT processes.

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Machine Learning

Infants born at extremely preterm gestational ages are typically admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) after initial resuscitation. The subsequent hospital course can be highly variable, and despite counseling aided by available risk calculators, there are significant challenges with shared decision-making regarding life support and transition to end-of-life care. Improving predictive models can help providers and families navigate these unique challenges.

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Viewpoints on and Experiences with Digital Technologies in Health

In the 21st century, Chinese hospitals have witnessed innovative medical business models, such as online diagnosis and treatment, cross-regional multidepartment consultation, and real-time sharing of medical test results, that surpass traditional hospital information systems (HISs). The introduction of cloud computing provides an excellent opportunity for hospitals to address these challenges. However, there is currently no comprehensive research assessing the cloud migration of HISs in China. This lack may hinder the widespread adoption and secure implementation of cloud computing in hospitals.

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Reviews

Hypoxia is an important risk factor and indicator for declining health of inpatients. Efforts to predict future hypoxic events using machine learning are a prospect for facilitating time-critical interventions to counter patient health deterioration.

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Reviews

Diabetes mellitus prevalence is increasing among adults and children around the world. Diabetes care is complex; examining the diet, type of medication, diabetes recognition, and willingness to use self-management tools are just a few of the challenges faced by diabetes clinicians who should make decisions about them. Making the appropriate decisions will reduce the cost of treatment, decrease the mortality rate of diabetes, and improve the life quality of patients with diabetes. Effective decision-making is within the realm of multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques.

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Viewpoints on and Experiences with Digital Technologies in Health

Implementing artificial intelligence to extract insights from large, real-world clinical data sets can supplement and enhance knowledge management efforts for health sciences research and clinical care. At Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC), the in-house developed Word Cloud natural language processing system extracts coded concepts from patient records in VUMC’s electronic health record repository using the Unified Medical Language System terminology. Through this process, the Word Cloud extracts the most prominent concepts found in the clinical documentation of a specific patient or population. The Word Cloud provides added value for clinical care decision-making and research. This viewpoint paper describes a use case for how the VUMC Center for Knowledge Management leverages the condition-disease associations represented by the Word Cloud to aid in the knowledge generation needed to inform the interpretation of phenome-wide association studies.

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Natural Language Processing

Inpatient falls are a substantial concern for health care providers and are associated with negative outcomes for patients. Automated detection of falls using machine learning (ML) algorithms may aid in improving patient safety and reducing the occurrence of falls.

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Implementation Report

Telemedicine, a term that encompasses several applications and tasks, generally involves the remote management and treatment of patients by physicians. It is known as transversal telemedicine when practiced among health care professionals (HCPs).

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Adoption and Change Management of eHealth Systems

The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act of 2009 was legislated to reduce health care costs, improve quality, and increase patient safety. Providers and organizations were incentivized to exhibit meaningful use of certified electronic health record (EHR) systems in order to achieve this objective. EHR adoption is an expensive investment, given the resources and capital that are invested. Due to the cost of the investment, a return on the EHR adoption investment is expected.

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