Published on in Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jul-Sep

Sarah Patricia Slight 1, 2, MPharm,PhD,PGDip;  Eta S Berner 3, EdD;  William Galanter 4, MS,MD,PhD;  Stanley Huff 5, 6, MD;  Bruce L Lambert 7, PhD;  Carole Lannon 8, 9, MD,MPH;  Christoph U Lehmann 10, MD,FAAP,FACMI;  Brian J McCourt 11, BA;  Michael McNamara 12, MD;  Nir Menachemi 13, MPH,PhD;  Thomas H Payne 14, MD;  S Andrew Spooner 15, MD,MS,FAAP;  Gordon D Schiff 2, 16, MD;  Tracy Y Wang 11, MD,MHS,MSc;  Ayse Akincigil 17, PhD;  Stephen Crystal 17, PhD;  Stephen P Fortmann 18, MD;  David W Bates 2, 16, MD, MSc

1 Division of Pharmacy, School of Medicine Pharmacy and Health, Durham University, Durham , GB

2 The Centre for Patient Safety Research and Practice, Division of General Internal Medicine, Brigham and Womens Hospital, Boston, MA, US

3 Center for Health Informatics for Patient Safety/Quality, Department of Health Services Administration, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, US

4 University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago, IL, US

5 Department of Biomedical Informatics , University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, US

6 Intermountain Healthcare , Salt Lake City, UT, US

7 Center for Communication and Health, Department of Communication Studies, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, US

8 Department of Pediatrics , University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, US

9 James M Anderson Center for Health Systems Excellence , Cincinnati Children\'s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, US

10 Pediatrics and Biomedical Informatics , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, US

11 Duke Clinical Research Institute , Duke University, Durham, NC, US

12 Departments of Pediatrics and Medical Informatics (DMI) , Northwest Permanente, Portland, OR, US

13 Richard M Fairbanks School of Public Health , Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, US

14 Department of Medicine , University of Washington, Seattle, WA, US

15 Division of Biomedical Informatics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, US

16 Brigham & Women's Hospital , Boston, MA, US

17 Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, US

18 Center for Health Research , Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR, US

Corresponding Author:

  • David W Bates, MD, MSc
  • The Centre for Patient Safety Research and Practice
  • Division of General Internal Medicine
  • Brigham and Womens Hospital
  • 1620 Tremont Street
  • Boston, MA
  • US
  • Phone: 1 617 732 5650
  • Email: